Inuwar Jama’ar Kano
was formed by a group of Kano citizens in 1998 as a voluntary organization committed
to the development of Kano State by complimenting the efforts of the three tiers
of government. This section will examine the background to the formation and
the objectives of the organization.
History and Society of Kano
the first Sarki (King) of Kano who established the state from the community
that existed in 999 (Christian dating) since then Kano State has existed with
a government based on the Hausa sarauta (kingship) system that underwent several
transformations. The most important transformation was during the reign of Sarkin
Kano Yaji when Islam became the official religion of the state and the society
 . Prior to that the Saraukuna (Kings) were Muslims  and they practiced
Islam at the individual level  but from the time
of Yaji under the guidance of the Wangarawa Ulama, Islam became the official
state religion. Sarkin Kano Muhammadu Rumfa instituted the fundamental changes
that characterized Kano Sarauta ever since. He was guided by Shaykh Al-Maghili
who recommended that kingship must exhibit power blended with mercy
 but the kings subsequently emphasized power and harshness therefore
they were greatly feared  .
led Shehu Usman Danfodio brought significant changes to the Kano State and Society.
The position of Islam was strengthened and the state was incorporated into a
larger system of Caliphate in 1807 it therefore lost its independence by becoming
a province known as Emirate. The impact of the Jihad was felt all over the Sudan
and it was the first attempt at unifying the many peoples that became Nigeria
 . Kano prospered during the Caliphate period in the 19th
century and it became the leading commercial and craft-manufacturing center
of this largest 
and most prosperous state  in pre-colonial tropical Africa.
Kano was the most celebrated textile-manufacturing center of pre-colonial Nigeria
 . The Emirs promoted trade and craft manufacturing and Kano gained
from the decline of Katsina during this period.
The Sokoto Caliphate was defeated and incorporated into the
Protectorate of Northern Nigeria, which was part of the British Empire in 1903.
The British colonialists had to rule indirectly because the area was very vast
and they lack the manpower. Indirect rule meant ruling through the natives.
This allowed Northern Nigeria to preserve some of its traditions that did not
conflict with British notions. The Nigerian Federation made up of four regions;
Eastern, Northern and Western, was granted independence by the British in 1960.
Seven years later a civil war erupted and the Federal Government, which was
then ruled by the military decided to create 12 states and Kano State was created
from the former Northern Region. Its first military governor was Alhaji Audu
Bako who was a police officer.
Through out the colonial period and up to 1970 the Kano economy
depended on groundnut production and over 500000 metric tons were produced in
Kano during the best season. The federal government also relied on revenue from
agriculture during this period. Then suddenly revenue from oil replaced all
other means and the Nigerian nation became dependent on this source. There were
boom years, which result in rapid expansion of infrastructure in the whole country
and the worst years came in the 1980s. It should be noted that during
the period of expansion the Nigerian economy the government made a peak earning
of $24.93 billion from oil per annum in 1980. But when the downfall came the
government earned its lowest revenue of $5 billion per annum in 1986  no miracle could
save such a state that depended on one source for its revenue. Corruption became
more pronounced and it has since remained in the Nigerian state largely because
of its structure. Corrupt people always hide under the cover of their ethnic
and religious backgrounds by dishing out patronage to their sectional clients.
in population and economic dislocations poverty became pronounced. The Nigerian
state including its branches the state and local governments could hardly meet
their obligations more especially with rampant corruption and mismanagement.
In the southern states many communities complimented the efforts of the governments
by providing some of the services expected from the state. In the northern states
this was very rare people tended to depend on government for services, since
the state has been existence in some places like Kano for about one thousand
years, it was therefore very difficult for people to adjust to the new reality
that the state is unable to provide most of the services. In the middle of 1980s
some concerned citizens in Kano decided to form the Kano Foundation that will
compliment the services of the state. Also earlier in the 1960s the Kano community
under the leadership of Mallam Aminu Kano established community schools, which
were later taken over by the state government but there is still one of such
schools. At other levels many self-help groups were established at the local
government areas. Kano Municipal also established a neighborhood education committee
that initiated many projects to compliment the efforts of the state.
It was within
this background that some concerned Kano citizens formed the Inuwar Jama’ar
Kano in 1998. They used the goodwill of then Head of State General Sani
Abacha a Kano indigene and they launched a
N500M Educational Endowment Fund.
N302595113 in cash or kind were pledged at the launching on the 30th
of May 1998. Out of the pledges as at December 31, 1998 N126335558 were redeemed
and lodged by the trustees in various accounts. Since that time the accounts
of the organization have always been audited by the first chartered accountant
of Kano origin Alhaji Aminu Ibrahim and Company.
Objectives of Inuwar Jama’ar Kano and
the ways it achieves them
of Inuwar Jama’ar Kano are:
the people of Kano on the imperativeness of their involvement in all matters
affecting their lives unlike previous attitude of leaving everything to the
the state of despair amongst youths.
a government/community platform for collaborative efforts for development
and critically review and assess the prevailing socio-economic, political and
security problems of Kano. This is with a view to projecting the best identifiable
course of action for the achievement of orderly development.
as a catalyst for the promotion of greater opportunities in business and industrial
enterprises for Kano.
To pay due
attention to the decline in moral standards, and thus explore means of ensuring
inculcation of a culture of discipline and moral rectitude, particularly amongst
To pay priority
attention to female education, science education, Islamic education, youth and
Jama’ar Kano achieves its objectives by:
to target groups. For example in the case of education it gives assistance to
both community and government owned and non-commercial schools for the improvement
of the delivery of their services.
Kano people to undertake development efforts as organized groups helping themselves
from within before soliciting support from without.
the capacity of communities, individuals and groups particularly in the areas
of planning, management and supervision of basic education.
the quality of delivery of education through teacher training and strengthening
of monitoring and supervision, and also in the supply of teaching and learning
materials with a view to enhancing a multi-sectoral approach for a better environment
research and studies into issues of interest and relevance to the people of
with commercial, entrepreneurial experience and resources with available means
to establish or develop their enterprises so as to offer greater employment
opportunities for the people of Kano thereby boosting the stagnating industrial
and commercial life of Kano.
the good image of Kano as the haven of Hausa Islamic culture with abundant business
opportunities by assisting groups involved with such endeavors.
AND OPERATIONS OF THE ORGANIZATION
deals with the organs of the organization, which are the board of trustees and
the management and the local educational advancement committees. It also deals
with how the organization carries out its activities.
The Board of Trustees, Management and
of trustees approves all policies and budget of the organization and therefore
it is the most important organ. Inuwar Jama’ar Kano largely depends on
the goodwill and integrity of the members of the board of trustees. It is therefore
necessary at this juncture to give a brief profile of the members of this board.
BOARD OF TRUSTEES
Alhaji (Dr) Magaji Dambatta OFR
Hon. D.Litt (BUK)
He is the chairman
of the board of trustees. He had a meritorious career in public services where
he served in various capacities at the state and federal government levels.
He was one time chairman of Daily Times group of newspapers, Federal Housing
Authority, Broadcasting Corporation of Northern Nigeria and Kano State Broadcasting
Sheikh Na’ibi Sulaiman Wali
A distinguished Islamic
Scholar who retired from the public service as a Kadi of the Shari’ah
Court of Appeal of Kano State. He has been involved in the formation
of many laudable organizations including Jama’at Nasril Islam,
the most prestigious Islamic organization, which he co-founded
during the first republic. He has also been involved in mass literacy
initiatives for over fifty years.
Alhaji Imam Abubakar Wali mni
A distinguished educationist who served
in all capacities from schoolteacher up to the state commissioner
for education he has also served as a member and chairman of various
boards associated with education at the state and the federal
levels. His last public engagement was the Chairmanship of the
Kano State Local Government Service Commission.
Sheikh Isa Waziri MON
A prominent Islamic scholar
who was trained at the famous Al-Azhar University Cairo he was
a school teacher, an Area Court Judge as well as the Chief Imam
of Kano before his appointment as Wazirin Kano and Chief Islamic
Adviser of the Emir.
Professor Shehu Galadanchi CON
An Arabic Scholar and former
university vice-chancellor, who rose from the rank of schoolteacher
up to the professorial level. He has also had a distinguished
diplomatic career as the Ambassador of the Federal Republic of
Nigeria to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia for several years. He is
currently a permanent commissioner of the Independent National
Professor Ibrahim Umar
Professor of Physics
and distinguished university administrator, he served as vice chancellor in
two different federal universities with impeccable records. He is currently
serving as the Director General National Energy Commission of Nigeria.
Alhaji Muhammadu Ibrahim JP OFR
He was a permanent
secretary in the state civil service before he retired and joined the banking
industry where he worked in the First Bank of Nigeria one of the nation’s premier
banks and he is currently a member of the board of directors of that bank. He
has been involved in the establishment of reputable voluntary organizations.
Ambassador Shu’aib Uthman Yolah OON
He was a high caliber
diplomat before his retirement from the Foreign Service having
served as the undersecretary general of the United Nations. He
was a director general (equivalent of permanent secretary) in
the federal civil service before he moved to National Institute
for Policy and Strategic Studies where he served as a directing
staff before he retired from the public service. As an intellectual
he was invited to deliver a concluding lecture of the National
Alhaji Shehu Minjibir
He was a distinguished
schoolteacher and he has served as the chairman of various education boards
of the state. He is currently the chairman of the Kano State Civil Service Commission.
Alhaji Sadauki Abubakar
A distinguished public servant who served
as the Secretary to the State Government and Head of the Civil Service he was
also an Executive Director of the First Bank of Nigeria PLC. He is currently
a commissioner in the Revenue Mobilization, Allocation and Fiscal Commission.
Alhaji Ali Al-Hakeem
of industry, who was both in the banking and the oil industry, he was a former
Managing Director of the Bank of the North Limited and an Executive Director
of the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation.
Dr. Ibrahim Datti Ahmed OFR
doctor by profession who has been an active member of the civil society he was
one of the forty-nine wise men who drafted the constitution of the Federal Republic
of Nigeria 1979. He was also a Pro-Chancellor and Chair of the University Council
Obafemi Awolowo University. He is currently the President General of the Supreme
Council for Shari’ah in Nigeria.
Alhaji Sulaiman Baffa
He was a permanent
secretary in the state civil service before he retired and joined the banking
industry where he became the Managing Director of United Bank For Africa and
later Union Bank of Nigeria the largest bank in Nigeria. He was also the Managing
Director of Nigeria Security Printing and Minting Company.
Dr. Tijani Isma’il
educationist and prolific author who served in various capacities including
the State Commissioner for Education and provost Federal College of Education
Kano and he is currently a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Education Bayero
Alhaji Ibrahim Khalil
Islamic scholar who established an Islamic school and has been involved in Islamic
activities, he conducts Islamic lessons in various mosques all over the state.
Alhaji Sarki Abdullahi Ibrahim (Makaman
public administrator who attained the highest rank of Permanent Secretary in
the civil service of the Federal Government of Nigeria before he retired and
assumed full time responsibility of Makaman Kano and District Head of
Wudil a hereditary position held by his ancestors for almost two hundred years.
Alhaji Isiyaku Umar Tofa
A very successful
businessman who established a printing press and paper mill, he is also a director
of Nigeria Intercontinental Bank one of the nation’s most successful banks and
Chairman of the Equity Bank of Nigeria.
Dr. Musa Borodo
doctor by profession and physician by specialization who has earned great respect
because of his dedication and honesty he has also served as the chairman of
the Medical Advisory Committee of the Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital.
Malam Ibrahim Shekarau
A former schoolteacher
who rose through the ranks to the position of permanent secretary in the state
civil service before he retired he was an active member of the national association
of principals of secondary schools where he served as the national president.
Alhaji Muzzamil Sani Hanga
A lawyer by
profession who has been active member of the civil society and he is a leading
advocate for positive social change in various voluntary organizations especially
those associated with Islam.
Alhaji Ibrahim Galadima
sports administrator, former state commissioner and now Chairman of Nigeria
Football Association where he was nationally elected because of the confidence
the sports administrators have in him.
Dr. Haruna Salihi
A Senior Lecturer
in the Department of Political Science Bayero University, he has also been an
active member of the civil society through his participation in reputable voluntary
Alhaji Aminu Mahmud
A media consultant
who served in the state television before his retirement, he was also a Special
Assistant to the Honorable Minister of Water Resources of the Federal Republic
Alhaji Muhammad B. Muhammad
in the Department of Islamic Studies Bayero University and also the Imam of
Bilal Juma’at Mosque but he is currently a commissioner in the Shari’ah Commission
of Bauchi on secondment.
Alhaji A. G. Abdullahi
businessman and pioneer who ventured into businesses which are dominated by
other non-Hausa ethnic groups and established a network of dealers that he brought
up from apprenticeship to full entrepreneurship.
Alhaji Abdulkarim Hassan
educationist who served from the level of schoolteacher up to Director Schools
and later Registrar Kano State University and after his retirement he was appointed
Chairman of the Governing Council of the State Polytechnic. He is the Director
General of Inuwar Kano and its Chief Executive.
Alhaji Abdulkarim Hassan heads the management team he is ably assisted by Alhaji
Abdulmalik Yakubu the Director Education since education is the priority of
Alhaji Abdulmalik Yakubu
from Bayero University and he was a schoolteacher and secondary school principal
before joining the Kano Municipal Neighborhood Education Committee as its Executive
Secretary. He has participated in many activities of the UNICEF and many other
activities related to mass mobilization for positive social change.
Mohammed Yola Education Officer
Aminu Administrative Officer
Sani Kafinga Technical Officer
Personal Secretary/Computer Officer
of trustees delegated some of its functions to committees for efficient implementation
of its policies. They are:
Education Implementation Committee
is the priority of the organization a high-powered committee was established
to implement the educational policies of the organization. The committee is
made up of accomplished educationists some of whom are members of the board
of trustees. They are:
Shehu Galadanchi Chairman
Wali mni “
Ibrahim H. Umar “
Dr. Musa M.
Sani Hanga “
G. Abdullahi “
Ibrahim (Makaman Kano) “
Buhari Daura “
Secretary (MOE, Kano) “
recruits and promotes staff. It is also concerned with their welfare. And to
ensure efficiency and quality output it is headed by a seasoned public servant
with experience in manpower management at the both the public and private sectors.
Ibrahim JP OFR
depends on donation and interest income from its deposit at various banks. Prudent
management and knowledge of treasury is required to determine the best rates
and the risks involved especially with the history of bank failures looming
in the industry. The organization is lucky to have experienced bankers and successful
entrepreneurs in its board of trustees who were delegated to serve in this important
committee. The members are:
Ibrahim JP OFR Chairman
Umar Tofa Member
Al-Hakim OFR “
G. Abdullahi “
and honest public servant heads this committee from its name the committee studies
the tenders made by contractors and suppliers and determines the best. The members
Secretary MOE Kano “
OF INUWAR JAMA’AR KANO
Since its establishment
four years ago Inuwar Jama’ar Kano has had positive impact on the Kano
society by influencing attitudinal change. The society now realizes that every
member most make contribution because government alone cannot provide all the
services needed. In the last four years the organization has spent over N85
million on for the development of the community  . Before embarking on its project
the organization had to acquire comprehensive statistical data pertaining to
formal and informal schools in all the forty-four local governments. A group
tour to all the forty-four local government areas was also carried out and Educational
Advancement Committees (EAC) of ten members were established in all the forty-four
local government areas. These activities were conducted in 1999 to facilitate
the implementation of the educational objectives of the organization.
are broadly classified into four below:
In 1999 the organization
delivered furniture, textbooks and other teaching and learning materials to
over 1450 Arabic, Qur’anic and Islamiyya schools all over the state. In the
same year 14 community-owned schools projects were completed in 14 local government
areas. Forty shades or verandas were constructed for Qur’anic schools in 20
local government areas. The organization initiated the handing over of a primary
school to the state primary schools board built by Holborn Nigeria Limited the
school was supported with office, teaching and learning materials. Two hundred
adult literacy centers were supported in line with the forum’s objective of
contributing towards eradication of mass illiteracy. The victims of Kano-Shagamu
disturbances were assisted with relief materials worth half a million naira.
of Medicine Bayero University Kano has been battling to secure accreditation
of the regulatory authorities for almost two decades. Being the only faculty
of medicine in a state of over five million inhabitants it is certainly very
crucial to the security and survival of the people. Therefore in 1999, Inuwar
Jama’ar Kano decided to assist the faculty in its effort of enhancing its
facilities to secure accreditation and enable its students to graduate at the
university instead of going to other universities for the completion of their
program. The organization assisted the faculty with two Peugeot Station Wagon
vehicles for transporting visiting lecturers from ther locations and a heavy-duty
In the years
2000 and 2001 the organization continued with its positive intervention strategies
in schools. It provided instructional materials (teaching and learning), laboratory
and home economic equipments, library materials (books, computers and furniture)
and sporting, health and sanitation facilities for various schools. It also
supported 14 women vocational centers and 700 Islamiyya, Arabic and Qur’anic
schools. In line with its objective of encouraging maximum output from teachers
the organization provided incentives to some selected teachers.
Kano believes one of the best ways of improving our educational services
is through the building of the capacity of our teachers, policy initiators and
all those in the sector. This vigorous commitment earned it the recognition
of UNICEF the leading international organization concerned with education in
under developed countries. Inuwar Jama’ar Kano is now a partner of UNICEF
in northern Nigeria in this noble campaign of making education available to
as many children as possible.
In the year
2000 Inuwar Jama’ar Kano organized a 2-day seminar on better schools
management for principals, principal inspectors of education and inspectors
of Arabic secondary schools in the state. Another 2-day seminar for improved
continuous assessment techniques for continuous assessment masters and examinations
officers was organized. This was because most of those involved in computing
continuous assessment lacked the requisite skills and this has led to widespread
failure of many school leavers since continuous is an important component of
the final result. As part of its linkage with the UNICEF there was a 3-day joint
seminar on the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), Convention for Eradication
of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDWA), National Program on Immunization/National
Immunization Days and Child Labor but all within the local context was organized
for local government information officers, chairmen of education advancement
committees, opinion leaders and headmasters of model schools. There was also
a 3-day sensitization/enrollment drive campaign on girl child education drive
conducted at Gezawa, Kumbotso and Ungogo Local Government Areas.
In the 2001
Inuwar Jama’ar Kano continued with its work with UNICEF, they jointly
organized a national workshop on the improvement of girl child education with
participants drawn from 16 states of the federation far beyond the areas of
operations of Inuwar Jama’ar Kano. They also jointly organized another
4-day zonal workshop on Primer Writing/Book Production with participants from
10 northern states which is also far beyond the areas of operation of the organization.
Inuwar Jama’ar Kano organized a 3-day workshop on conflict management
for female teachers drawn from male and female secondary schools of Kano State.
The organization also conducted numerous professional contacts with some principals
and teachers on managerial skills and records up keep.
Jama’ar Kano believes in empowering deserving target groups for the attainment
of its goal of achieving sustainable development. In the year 2000 the organization
donated an electric generator to the Center for Study of Nigerian Languages
the oldest research center in Bayero University to enable it carry out its research
work efficiently. It also donated a high-powered mini radio cassette recorder
to a blind post-graduate student. The international award winning Masallaci
Adult Literary Center was also empowered with an electricity generator to enable
it carry out its evening adult literacy classes. Also in the same year Inuwar
Jama’ar Kano supported some organizations to conduct their activities for
example Kano State Science students Association ABU Zaria received assistance,
which enabled it to conduct a career workshop. Kano State Association for the
Deaf and Dumb was given assistance to facilitate attendance to a national meeting.
ANCOPS was provided with assistance to attend a national convention in which
a Kano candidate emerged National President of the Association. Kano Education
Resource Department was assisted with prizes when it conducted the state JETS
In the year
2001 Inuwar Jama’ar Kano continued with its support to ANCOPS, and Kano
State Science Secondary Schools Association of ABU Zaria. In addition it also
supported the National Association of Kano State Students to organize 3-days
of public lectures on Youth Educational Aspirations and it also supported the
Kano State Library Board in hosting the 17th Annual Conference of
the Nigerian Schools Library Associations.
In the year
2002 Inuwar Jama’ar Kano assisted the www.kanoonline.com
Internet group with research grant to enable it commission papers for posting
on the site that covers all aspects of Kano State and society. Also in the same
year the organization assisted entrepreneurs who lost their investment as a
result of 2001 anti-American riots with credit facilities.
has mobilized a large percentage of people at the grassroots for participation
in activities for the improvement of education through the education advancement
committees whose members were distinguished ladies and gentlemen who excelled
in their chosen careers. The campaigns of the organization also encouraged many
parents to participate in the activities of the Parent Teachers Associations.
activities have been well publicized by the media thus bringing more positive
responses and participation in its activities by important dignitaries. The
Emir of Kano has graced several occasions of the organizations, which also briefs
him annually on its activities thereby sensitizing the general public. The organization
has had several fruitful discussions with many individuals and organizations
that are interested in the development of the community in which many ideas
Ado-Kurawa, I. 2000 Shari’ah
and the Press in Nigeria: Islam versus Western Christian Civilization Kano.
Ajayi, J. F. A.
1980. Milestones in Nigerian History London
Bedri, K. and Starratt, P.
E. 1977. (Translation of) ‘Taj al-Din Fima Yajib ‘ala al-Muluk or The Crown
of Religion Concerning the Obligation of Princes’ Kano Studies (New Series)
Ferguson, D. E. 1973 ‘Nineteenth
Century Hausaland Being a Description by Imam Imoru of the Land, Economy and
Society of his People’ PhD Dissertation University of California Los Angeles
Iliffe, J. 1995. Africans:
The History of A Continent. Cambridge
Isichei, E. 1983
A History of Nigeria Essex
Kwaru, A. 1991 ‘Waziri Allah Bar Sarki, 1865-1917:
A Neglected Personality in the Political History of Kano’ MA Dissertation Usmanu
Danfodiyo University Sokoto
Lubeck, P. 1986. Islam and
Urban Labour in Northern Nigeria. Cambridge
Ubah, C. N. 1977
'Aspect of Islamic Impact on Pre-Colonial Kano' Islamic Culture
 For more information see Palmer 1928
and Smith 1997
 For detailed explanation see Ado-Kurawa
 Bedri and Starratt 1974/77 for a
translation of Al-Maghili’s treatise for Rumfa where stated the qualities
needed of a ruler.
 Ferguson 1973: 239-240 where he described how offenders were
treated and Kwaru 1991: 59
 IMF International Financial
Statistics quoted in Khan, S. A. 1994 Nigeria: The Political Economy
of Oil Oxford Institute for Energy Studies p. 184 table 8.1
 See its annual reports of 1998,
1999, 2000 and 2001 for the achievements listed below.
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